The first electric vehicle from Mazda, the 2021 MX-30, has been specifically created with a small battery, because the company considers such batteries to be the best choice for electric cars.
The Mazda MX-30 electric crossover enters the market in 2021. It is equipped with a 35.5-kWh battery, which provides a range of 200 km (124 miles).
A fairly modest distance compared to other offers on EV market today.
Automakers, on the contrary, are striving to increase the driving range on a single charge to 400 km (248.5 miles) and more, by means of using larger batteries.
For comparison: the same-sized Hyundai Kona has a 39-kWh battery and covers 289 km (180 miles). However, it costs significantly more than the electric car from Mazda – €38,000 vs approx. €35,000.
Mazda has gone its own way. The company calculated carbon dioxide emissions for the entire life cycle of the MX-30, from the production process to operation, including charging, and compared with emissions made by the Mazda3 hatchback with a diesel engine, which is sold in Europe.
It turns out their amounts of emissions are almost equal.
Lithium-ion batteries become depleted over time. The company believes the battery pack should be replaced after 161,000 km (100,000 miles). During the manufacture of electrical car components, carbon dioxide emissions occur.
Production of a large battery requires more emissions and energy consumption. Mazda says smaller batteries are more responsible.
A new electric car produces more emissions at the beginning of its life, less in subsequent years, and after replacing the battery the overall emissions increase again, which ultimately makes it possible to equate the EV with a diesel-powered car.
If Mazda is right or not, its findings seem reasonable.
Electric vehicle’s zero CO2 emissions turn out to be not zero, if to take into account how many harmful substances, including carbon dioxide, are emitted during the production of components for green cars and the extraction of natural resources for these components.
Source: Automotive News Europe