The Blue Oval plans to equip a pair of its popular electric models – the Ford F-150 Lightning and Mustang Mach-E – with LFP batteries instead of lithium-ion ones.
The American automaker has confirmed that LFP batteries are coming for the Ford Mustang Mach-E starting in 2023 and for the Ford F-150 Lightning in early 2024.
Contemporary Amperex Technology Co. Limited (CATL), a Chinese battery manufacturer, is now seeking where to locate future factories in the USA and Mexico, as Ford Authority reports.
Switching to LFP batteries should help Ford ramp up production of both models whose flexible platforms allow seamless integration of such battery packs.
What We Know About LFP Batteries
Unlike a lithium-ion battery, a lithium-iron-phosphate (LFP) one doesn’t use nickel or cobalt in its construction. It has low toxicity, long cycle life, but lower energy density, and offers less range in the result.
Moreover, LFP battery packs are safer and cheaper. You can fully charge them with no risk of rapid battery degradation. Tesla Motors currently uses LFP batteries in standard-range Models 3 and Y.
Ford F-150 Lightning and Mustang Mach-E Current Battery Packs
Today these models come with lithium-ion battery packs.
According to EPA estimates, a 98-kWh standard-range battery of the F-150 Lightning provides 230 miles (370 km) on a single charge, while versions with a 131-kWh extended-range battery pack can cover up to 320 miles (515 km) before they need recharging.
A standard battery pack of the Ford Mustang Mach-E is 70.0 kWh of usable capacity; an optional extended range pack provides 91.0 kWh. An EPA-rated range is between 211 and 305 miles (340 to 491 km).