Bloomberg has made its own rating of the companies-leaders in development of driverless vehicles and their use on public roads.
Below see the TOP 10 list and approximate terms for autonomous cars arrival on public roads:
- Waymo – 2018;
- General Motors – 2019;
- Daimler – 2020;
- Aptiv – 2021;
- Zoox Inc -2021
- Audi – 2021;
- BMW – 2021;
- Renault-Nissan – 2022;
- Toyota – after 2022
- Ford – after 2022.
In January Waymo agreed on the purchase of Chrysler Pacifica minivans. They are equipped with sensors to view for 100 meters in any direction. Soon 20,000 Jaguar I-Pace cars will join the fleet. Waymo driverless cars today run in 25 cities and on the US highways. They travel more than 5 mln km a year.
Next year GM will use the Chevrolet Bolt without steering and pedals.
Daimler is the third. Mercedes-Benz began to equip its S-Class flagship sedan with an adaptive cruise control back in the late 1990s. Usual Mercedes models with Intelligent Drive approach real autonomous driving today. The MB unmanned vehicles have Level 4 or even 5 of autonomy.
The fourth is Aptiv, former Delphi Automotive. It has been testing autonomous taxis in Singapore since 2016. To develop technologies, Aptiv works with Audi AG and Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW) cars.
The next position is taken by Zoox Inc. It tests autonomous cars based on the Toyota Highlander in cities and on highways. The company plans to prepare its own car for carrying passengers in 2020.
Audi already has the most advanced autonomous car for sale – the A8 (pictured). The car with Jam Pilot uses Lidar to see the road and allows drivers to completely remove their hands from the steering wheel at speeds up to 37 miles per hour. Audi, working with Nvidia, aims for a fully autonomous car by 2020 and achievement of Level 4 in 2021.
BMW has a fleet of about 40 cars that can drive on Level 4. Cars travel around Munich and in California. Fully autonomous cars were developed in partnership with Intel Corp and Continental AG. Fiat Chrysler Automobiles NV has recently joined them, which plans to introduce these technologies on serial models by 2021 .
The Renault-Nissan alliance is also among the leaders. They sold more cars with adaptive safety than others. The ProPilot system from Nissan is developed on the way to a complete stand-alone system. Right now Nissan is testing a fully autonomous vehicle in Palo Alto, California. In March Nissan tested the electric Leaf with an autopilot in Yokohama.
Renault will do the same with the electric Renault Zoe this year in the suburbs of Paris. Not so long ago Renault showed an autonomous Symbioz Concept. It can run at a speed of more than 100 km/h. The car still requires the driver to turn on the autonomous mode, and then the steering wheel is retracted. The French-Japanese alliance plans to test the unmanned vehicle on the road around 2020. This car will be on highways, requiring only temporary participation of the driver.
In 1999 Toyota began developing the technology of autonomous parking and installed it in the Prius in Japan in 2003. It allowed the car to park without driver intervention. The Japanese automaker can create a vehicle that makes its public debut at the Olympic Games in Tokyo in 2020. It will work there as a shuttle.
Ford gets its autonomous technologies from Argo AI, an artificial intelligence company in Pittsburgh. Currently, Ford is testing a third-generation Fusion sedan with Argo technology. In 2021 the cars with Level 4 of autonomy are planned.
There are also Volvo, Hyundai, Uber and Tesla among the leading companies, as well as the Chinese Baidu ,which builds driverless cars based on Chery and cooperates with BAIC Group.